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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Scallop Shell - Scythian Cap)
Last modified: 2016-05-23 by rob raeside
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Morissen, Switzerland (fotw)
1) (adj) Where the edges of a flag are cut into repeated semi-circular shapes
- an indented edge.
2) (adj) The term may also be used when the top edge of a shield is seen with two (or more) semi-circular cut-outs
(see also shield).
Example; Two Merchant Flags, Portugal 16th/17th Century (fotw)
Please note however, that a division line within
a flag or shield is not scalloped, but is more correctly described as either engrailed
or invected (see ‘engrailed’ and
A cross with arms of equal width, whose horizontal arm runs along the centre
of the flag, but whose vertical arm is off-centred towards the hoist – a Nordic,
or off-centred Cross.
National Flag of Norway (CS); National Flag of
Sweden (CS); Åland Islands,
Finland (fotw); Shetland Islands, Scotland (fotw);
Unofficial Flag of Swedish People of Finnish Descent (Elias Granqvist)
Please note that this term should only be used for those flags which are
from, or have a connection with the Scandinavian region, otherwise see
‘off-centred cross 2)’
SCANDINAVIAN-TYPE (or SCANDINAVIAN-STYLE) CROSS
See ‘off-centred cross 2)’.
Domingos Martins, Brazil (fotw)
SCARF (or SCARVES)
The heraldic term for a (or the) small ecclesiastical banner (or banners) fixed to the top of a bishop’s crosier (see
Flag and Arms of Světlα , Czech Republic (fotw);
Flag of Abtwil, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Vila Nova de Sao Bento, Portugal (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
SCEPTRE (or SCEPTER)
A symbolic/ornamental rod or wand, and largely (but by no means exclusively) the
symbol of a monarchs temporal power (see also crown and
Flag and Arms of Montenegro (fotw); Flag of
Engelberg, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
See 'tugh 1)’ and its following note.
Source: National Music Museum, used with permission
See ‘cross pattée’ and ‘cross couped’ in ‘appendix VIII’.
1) A type of flag, now obsolete, which shows a strip along its top edge
that extends beyond the fly to become a tongue (see also tongue(s)
(see also engrailed fly,
‘stepped fly’ and
2) A form of flag where a triangular tongue extends from the upper fly corner of the flag but see note a) below.
3) The tail or tongue as described above.
15th C Flag of Zurich, Switzerland (CS);
Flag of Tetouan, Morocco 1968 - 1976 (fotw);
Flag of Beni Mellal, Morocco 1968 1976 (fotw)
a) With regard to 2), the Editors suggest that the term tongue(as referenced above) should be used where this projection forms an integral part of the flag as referenced above and illustrated below.
b) Definition 3) is based upon the original German this term refers only to the tail.
Flag of Wloclawek City, Poland (fotw)
The term for an oriental sword with a single-edged curved blade and plain cross guard, whose blade is often seen widening from hilt to tip but see saber and its following note.
Flag of Karelia, Finland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Virovitica, Croatia (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Charneca, Portugal (fotw)
See St Andrew's Cross 2).
National flag of Scotland (fotw)
A usually narrow ribbon of varying length and elaboration; it is normally
(but not exclusively) placed below the shield in a set of armorial bearings or
an emblem, and is inscribed with a motto or the name of a state or other
entity – a ribbon – but see ‘ribbon scroll 2)’
(also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
The Presidential Flag and National Emblem of Brazil (fotw); The National Flag and Emblem of
Brunei (fotw); The Flag and Arms of The State of
New Jersey, US (fotw)
See ‘cap of liberty’.
Flag of Pereira, Chile (io9.com)
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