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Dictionary of Vexillology: H (Head - Hissflagge)
Last modified: 2016-03-29 by rob raeside
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See ‘hoist 1)’ (also
The topmost point of a flagstaff from which a flag can be flown, and which lies below the cap or finial
- see ‘finial’.
HEADING (or HEADER)
A piece of heavy material, usually canvas or double-ply bunting, along the
hoist edge of a flag, into which a rope is sewn as the hoistline, or into
which grommets are inserted to facilitate the hoisting of a flag - a hoist strip (see also
‘sleeve 2)’, ‘hoistline’, ‘grommet 1)’ and ‘hoist 1)’).
Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete practice of fixing a flag to
its pole or staff by a series of attached loops is almost certainly based on the earlier use of ties –
see ‘loops’ (also ‘ring 4)’ and ‘ties’).
1) See ‘camp flag’.
2) In US military, naval and some other usage, the rank flag of a commanding officer when flown
from their headquarters ashore – a designating (of headquarters) flag (see also
‘rank flag 1)’ and
‘flag of command’).
Camp/Headquarters Flag, Training and Development Branch, Canada (fotw);
Rank/Headquarters Flag, Vice Admiral USN (fotw)
In largely naval usage a short piece of wood sewn into the top of a flag’s heading to allow the Inglefield
clip to be attached about five cm from the top, thus permitting the flag to be
hoisted right up to the truck, while enabling the top hoist corner of the flag to
remain straight and upright – but see ‘frame 2)’
(also ‘Appendix I’,
‘Inglefield clip’ and
HEAD OF STATE'S COLOUR (or COLOR)
That flag presented to a military formation by a countrys ruler see colour 2) and colours 2).
Presidential Colour of Kenya (fotw); Queens Colour of
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (fotw); Kings Colour
RAF 1947 1952, UK (fotw)
HEAD OF STATE'S STANDARD (or FLAG)
A Royal, Imperial or Presidential standard see
royal standard 1),
imperial standard 1) and
Royal Standard of The Netherlands (fotw); Imperial Standard of
Germany 1871 1918 (fotw); Presidential Flag of
Czechoslovakia 1920 1960 (fotw
1) The vertical measurement of an emblem, shield, charge or badge when detailing the dimensions
- but see ‘width 3)’ (also
2) see ‘width 1)’
HELM (or HELMET)
The metal headpiece from a suit of armour usually ensigned above the shield in a coat
of arms or set of armorial bearings, but sometimes seen as a separate charge a helmet or casque (see also
‘coat of arms’,
Please note that in English heraldry the style and positioning
of a helm varies according to the rank of the bearer, and it is suggested that
a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.
Arms of the late Sir Winston Churchill KG., UK (Official Website); Flag and arms of
Croatia (fotw and CS); Flag of Ozerna, Ukraine (fotw);
Arms and Flag of
Hejtmαnkovice, Czech Republic (ICH & fotw)
Helmet of a Knight in English Heraldry (Wikipedia)
See armorial banner 2) and livery colours.
Flag and Arms of Lankroun, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)
A banner of arms - see ‘banner of arms
(also armorial banner 2)).
Heraldic Banner and Arms of Kyiv, Ukraine (fotw)
The animals, birds and mythological creatures used as supporters and/or charges in a
set of armorial bearings, or on a banner of arms or a flag - but see note below (also
'armorial bearings', banner of arms,
Banner of Arms of Balzers, Liechtenstein (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Udbina, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of DGF 21, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider);
Presidential Flag of Lithuania (fotw)
Please note that it is beyond the scope of this
work to list all the animals traditionally used in heraldry, and for these a suitable
glossary or heraldic dictionary should be consulted, however, the basic attitudes
in which all such animals may be found (or presented) on a shield or banner of
arms are listed in Appendix V.
See ‘badge in heraldry’ under ‘badge’.
Badge of the Royal House of Tudor 1486 1603, England (wiki)
Flag of Mesen, Belgium (fotw)
1) In English usage, a flag of heraldic design, long and tapering, possibly with a rounded or double-rounded
(lanceolate or double-tailed descate) fly carrying the owners badge and motto (sometimes also a national symbol or
personal arms), and bordered in his livery colours. Originally used as an identifying symbol by medieval noblemen,
and still occasionally flown by those entitled to it (see also
badge in heraldry,
banner of arms, double-tailed descate,
lance pennon 1),
2) The headquarters flag of a Scottish nobleman or clan chief (and a standard
as defined above), it is
between 3.5 and 7.5m long (dependent upon rank) and tapers from 120 cm to 80 cm. The hoist carries either the
national flag or owners arms, whilst the tail is in the main livery colours and has the motto (usually on diagonal
bands) separated by the owners crest and other badges. The tail is generally split into two rounded
(double-tailed descate) ends (except for those chiefs who do not hold a title of nobility, baronetcy or knighthood
whose standards have a simple rounded or lanceolate end), and the whole is
edged or fringed with alternating livery colours (see also battle standard,
Heraldic standard of the Master Gunner St James’
Park UK (Graham Bartram); Heraldic Standard of
King Henry VI c1450, England (fotw)
a) With regard to 1), in English heraldry the entitlement to a heraldic standard is consequent upon the
granting or possession of a badge, but is not dependent upon rank (see also badge in heraldry).
b) Regarding 2) in Scottish heraldry the entitlement to a standard (and to heraldic flags other
than a banner of arms) is consequent upon a separate grant by the Lord Lyon King of Arms (see also
The science concerned with the designing, interpretation, recording and blazoning of
those armorial bearings and/or heraldic insignia that pertain to an individual, an
institution or to a corporate entity (see also
‘coat of arms 2)’,
HILTED (or HILT)
The heraldic term used when the grip, pommel and cross/hand guard of a sword or dagger are of a different
tincture to its blade – but see note below and ‘hafted’ (also
Flag of Karelia, Finland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Barilovic, Croatia (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Fabianki, Poland (fotw)
Please note that heraldic writers will sometimes blazon the hilt and the pommel
(of a sword or dagger) separately when describing the charges on a coat of arms hilted and pommeled.
HINOMARU (or HI-NO-MARU)
Literally “sun-disk” and the civil ensign/national flag of Japan
since 1870 (see also
National Flag of Japan (fotw)
Please note that, whilst acting in that role for many years, the Hinomaru was only formally adopted as the National Flag in 1999.
HIS MAJESTY’S JACK
In English RN usage now obsolete, an official term for the 1606 pattern union flag when
flown as a naval jack, and in use from c1640 – c1690 – the king’s jack or the jack – but see
‘British flag’ (also
‘naval jack’ under ‘jack’,
‘James Union’ and
‘union jack 2)’).
Union Flag 1601 - 1801, UK (CS)
HISSFLAGGE (or HISSFAHNE)
See ‘hoisted flag’.
Hissflagge and Banner of Albisheim, Germany (fotw)
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