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Dictionary of Vexillology: G (Guardant - Gyrons)
Last modified: 2016-05-23 by rob raeside
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- See ‘Appendix V’.
Royal Banner of Denmark c1300 (fotw)
- GUBERNATORIAL FLAG
- In particularly (but not exclusively) US usage, a flag which symbolizes the
office of governor.
Flag of the Governor of Hawaii, US (fotw); Flag of the
Governor of Michigan, US (fotw); Flag of the
Governor of Nevada. US (fotw)
- GUEST ON BOARD FLAG (or GUEST FLAG)
- In US usage the practice, almost certainly obsolete, of flying a blue flag with
a white descending diagonal stripe from the starboard yardarm (or spreader) of a
pleasure vessel when a guest is on board but the owner is absent (see also
‘owner absent flag’ and
Guest on Board Flag, US (fotw)
- 1) In US and some other military usage, a small, generally swallow-tailed
flag used by army formations below battalion level - company, battery, troop,
platoon, detachment – and at group level in the air force (but see also
‘fanion 2)’ and
- 2) In UK and some other military usage, the swallow-tailed flag (sometimes
double-tailed descate, descate or other variations) that is the cavalry equivalent of an infantry
regimental colour, and still displayed on fighting vehicles by their successors
(see also ‘colour 2)’,
‘hussar cut’ and
- 3) A Scottish flag 2.40m long, tapering to a rounded (or lanceolate) fly, it
has a body in livery colours, with the owner's crest or badge at the hoist and
his motto in the fly, and is used by lairds who have a following but are not peers
or feudal barons – see ‘pennon 3)’
(also ‘badge in heraldry’,
- 4) Generically, any small swallow-tailed flag.
Guidon of the 511th Military Police Co, US (Tom Gregg); Guidon of the Blues and Royals, UK (Graham Bartram/Željko Heimer); Guidon of the
Royal Gloucestershire Yeomanry 1797, UK (fotw)
Please note, some sources suggest that the term
is derived from guide-homme (guide-man), but this remains unproven, and the similarity
with the medieval terms ‘geton’, ‘giton’ or ‘gytton’ cannot be ignored.
- GUL(S) (or GULLS)
- A term used to describe the individual segment or segments of a geometric carpet
design and usually employed to describe those on the national flag of Turkmenistan.
National Flag of Turkmenistan (fotw)
- A heraldic term for the colour red (see also ‘Appendix III’
and ‘rule of tincture’).
- GUN SALUTE
- 1) A form of saluting, ashore and afloat, in which 21 blank rounds are fired
by artillery or naval guns to honour a country or its flag.
- 2) A form of saluting in which an appropriate number of guns are fired to
honour a head of state, other dignitary, or a senior officer, or the flag representing
him (see also ‘broad pennant’,
‘distinguishing flag 1)’,
‘flag of command’,
‘rank flag 1)’).
Gun Salute, Holland 1707 (Wikipedia); Gun Salute by the Royal Horse Artillery UK (Wikipedia)
a) In an exchange of such salutes,
naval officers receive the number of guns appropriate to their rank - that is
an Admiral of the Fleet/five star admiral/grand admiral - 19 guns; Admiral -
17 guns; Vice Admiral - 15 guns; Rear Admiral – 13 guns, whilst a Commodore
receives 11 guns and a Captain only seven.
In some countries a celebratory
salute of as many as 101 guns may be fired at the birth of a royal heir or other
occasion of national celebration (example--50 guns at noon on 4 July at US Army
posts), and that minute guns (that is one shot fired every minute) may be fired
in connection with the death or funeral of a person entitled to a gun salute.
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a gonfanon (see ‘gonfanon’).
- GUTTÉ (or GUTTY)
- See ‘gouttes’.
Flag and Arms of Samnanger, Norway (fotw)
- The heraldic term for when the field of a flag or shield is divided into
sectors (called gyrons or girons) radiating from or near the centre of the
flag or shield – typically eight in heraldic practice, but an undetermined
number on flags – Geronny or Gironné. See ‘radiant’
plus ‘cross gyronny’ (and compare with
‘radiating’, ‘sector(s) 1)’, ‘sectored 2)’ and
See supplemental note
From left: Fafe, Portugal (Sérgio Horta); Flag of La Vídola, Spain (Ivan Sache); Naval Jack of the Netherlands (CS);
Flag of Ceuta, Spain (fotw); Flag of
Itaiópolis, Brazil (fotw)
- GYRONNY CROSS
- See ‘cross gyronny’ in ‘appendix VIII’
Flag of Eelde, The Netherlands (fotw)
- GYRONNY WAVY
- See ‘flammes’.
Flag of Mulhouse, Germany 1770 – 1798 (fotw)
- See ‘gyronny’.
Flag of Balneário Camboriú, Brazil (fotw)
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