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Dictionary of Vexillology: F (Fracted - Fylfot)

Last modified: 2016-02-17 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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A heraldic term used when an ordinary, such as a bar, fess or chevron, is broken in one or more places (see also ‘ordinary’).

Braunwald, Switzerland Leuggelbach, Switzerland Markvartice, Czech Republic Markvartice, Czech Republic
Flag of Braunwald, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Leuggelbach, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Markvartice, Czech Republic (fotw)

1) The wood or metal bar by which the top edge of a flag is held – but see ‘framed flag 1)’ below (also ‘cross bar’).
2) In largely (but increasingly obsolete) maritime usage, this term may also describe the rod (attached to a ship’s mast or yard by lines) that is inserted into the heading of a streamer or pennant in order to stiffen it at the hoist – but see ‘headstick’ (also ‘command pennant’ with following notes, ‘distinguishing vane’, ‘pennant 2)’, ‘streamer 2)’ and ‘vane 1)’).

frame example

1) A flag that is designed to be attached both along its hoist to the staff, and along its top to a side-mounted cross-bar sometimes called a gonfalon (see also ‘cross bar’), ‘frame’ above and ‘staff 2)’.
2) See ‘outrigger flag’.

[framed flags] [framed flags] [framed flags]
From left: Flag of Hirnyk, Ukraine; Flag of Guta, Ukraine (Dov Gutterman); Flag of Andrushivka, Ukraine (fotw)

See ‘flόger’).

[framed wimpel]
Framed Wimpel/Flόger of the Hamburg Customs Flag (Klaus-Michael Schneider)

An early (unofficial but used and with a variation in the order of the stripe’s colours - quite widely reproduced) pattern of the stars and stripes; it was first detailed by Benjamin Franklin whilst ambassador to Paris, flown in European waters by John Paul Jones and aboard the captured HMS Serapis, and was one of the first versions to gain international recognition – the Serapis flag (see also ‘Betsy Ross flag’, ‘continental colours’, ‘eagle standard’, ‘great star flags’, ‘old glory’, ‘star-spangled banner’ and ‘stars and stripes’).

[Serapis flag]
The Franklin Pattern of Stars and Stripes, 1778 (fotw)

The term, and a literal translation of Franzφsischer Schild, sometimes used in German language vexillology to describe a rectangular shield – see ‘rectangular shield’.

[French shield]
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.

The heraldic term for a figure composed of two diagonal bendlets interlaced with a mascle (or voided lozenge), and meant to represent a section of fishing net (see also ‘bendlet’ and ‘mascle’).

[Fret] [Fret] [Fret] [Fret] [Fret]
Flag and Arms of Karmψy, Norway (Tomislav Šipek); Flag of Koceljeva, Serbia (fotw); Flag of Johannesburg, South Africa (fotw); Flag of Mont-de-l’Enclus, Belgium (fotw)

See ‘interlaced’.

[Sveta Nedelja, Croatia] [Sveta Nedelja, Croatia]
Flag and Arms of Sveta Nedelja, Croatia (Željko Heimer)

The heraldic term for a pattern of interlaced bars forming a (usually) diagonal trellis either overlapped or joined together (see also ‘interlaced’).

Kojetνn, Czech Republic Flag - Prostμjov, Czech Republic Arms - Prostějov, Czech Republic Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland
Flag of Kojetνn, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of Prostějov, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Sγo Joγo do Campo, Portugal (fotw)

A term that is used when two or more flag designs are combined into a single entity – a cut-and-paste flag (see also ‘combined flag’, ‘marshalling’, ‘union flag 1)’ and ‘union mark’).

friendship flag  friendship flag  friendship flag
US-Canada Friendship Flag (fotw); US, Canada and Mexico Friendship Flag (fotw); US-UK Friendship Flag (Pete Loeser)

A decoration of twisted thread and/or metal often (but not invariably) attached to edges of a military colour, or of a flag intended for ceremonial and/or indoor use (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘cravat’, ‘indoor flag’ and ‘parade flag’).

fringed flag  fringed flag
Indoor/Parade Flag of Shiga Prefecture Police, Japan (Nozomi Kariyasu); Indoor/Parade Flag of the Navy, US (fotw)

The heraldic term for when a tree or branch is bearing fruit, generally shown in another tincture (see also ‘leaved’ and ‘tincture’)

Bormla, Malta Wileroltigen, Switzerland Runovinci, Croatia Hφngg, Switzerland Bombarral, Portugal Bombarral, Portugal
Flag of Bormla, Malta (fotw); Flag of Wileroltigen, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Runovinci, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Hφngg, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Bombarral, Portugal (Klaus-Michael Schneider)

See 'achievement of arms' and 'armorial bearings’.

[Churchill arms]
The Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)

1) See ‘dress ship, to 1)’ and ‘dress ship, to 4)’.
2) See ‘dressing overall 2)’ and ‘dressing overall 3)’.

[dressing ship example]
A Warship of the South African Navy Dressed Overall (Andries Burgers)

(v & adj) To fly a flag in its normal position right up to the truck, a term generally used after a flag has spent a mourning period at half mast (see also ‘flag pole’, ‘half mast’ and ‘truck’).

See ‘disk’, ‘moon 2)’ with following note and ‘per complement 2)’.

[Shan State, Myanmar]
Flag of Shan, Myanmar (fotw)

See ‘achievement of arms 2)’.

[Churchill arms]
Funeral Achievement/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)

1) Flags or pennants flown from the cars in a funeral cortege or procession, in order to facilitate keeping that cortege together and to help other drivers avoid breaking into it, not to be confused with a pall flag or with mourning flags (see also ‘car flag’, ‘mourning flag’ and ‘pall flag’, together with ‘badge banner’, ‘bannerole’, ‘great banner’, ‘grumphion’ and ‘livery banner’).
2) The term may also be used to describe those flags – often draped with a mourning ribbon – that are carried in a funeral cortege (see also ‘draping’, ‘cravat 2)’ and ‘mourning ribbon’).
1) (v) To wind (roll up) a colour or parade flag around its staff before it is cased – usually done with ceremony (see also ‘unfurl’(ed), ‘case’(d), ‘uncase’(d), ‘colour (2)’ and ‘parade flag’ 2)).
2) (adj) A flag is considered furled when hoisted in a rolled and/or folded condition prior to being broken out at the truck – see ‘break a flag’ (also ‘truck’).

See ‘ermine’, ‘potent’, ‘vair’ and Appendix III.

[fur example] [fur example] [fur example]
From left: Ermine, Potent and Vair.

1) The term sometimes used to describe a non-circular emblem of nationality employed by some nations in the same way and for the same purpose as a roundel – but see the note below, ‘roundel 1)’ and ‘wing marking(s) 1)’ (also ‘balkenkreuz’, ‘fin flash’, ‘iron cross’ and ‘aircraft marking(s)’).
2) See ‘roundel 1)’.

Fuselage marking, Philippines Fuselage marking, Botswana Fuselage marking, Chile
Fuselage/Wing Marking of The Philippines (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of Botswana (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of Chile (fotw)

The term “fuselage” only refers to the body of an aircraft and to those markings that appear thereon, so when these same emblems appear on the wings of an aircraft they are properly called “wing markings”.
b) In some types of aircraft the description “ fuselage” can (technically speaking) include their tail plane/fin, but that the term given above should never be used to describe any markings shown thereon – see ‘
fin flash’.

The heraldic term for an elongated lozenge - see ‘lozenge 2)’ (also ‘square lozenge’).

See ‘lozengy’.

Flag of Balenyΰ, Spain (fotw)

See ‘lozengy bendy’.

fusilly bendy
Flag of the State of Bavaria, Germany (fotw)

See ‘swastika’.

Flag of the Canadian Nazi Party 1933 – 1938 (fotw)

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