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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cord - Corsair Ensign)
Last modified: 2016-03-29 by rob raeside
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- 1) A length of decorative string or rope made from several twisted strands
with tassels at each end, generally made of silk (or a silk-like material) in
the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread), simply knotted or tied
a bow at the centre and used to decorate a staff (usually) just below the finial –
especially (but not exclusively) that of a parade flag or military colour
(see also ‘colour 2)’,
‘national colours 2)’,
‘parade flag 2)’,
‘staff 2)’ and
- 2) As above but without tassels and used to finish the edges of a flag, usually
in the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread).
Ceremonial Flag of Abedim-Moncao, Portugal (fisisco)
- CORDED CROSS
- See ‘roped cross’.
- CORDS AND TASSELS
- See ‘cord(s) 1)’ and ‘tassels’.
Ceremonial Flag of Abedim-Moncao (detail), Portugal (fisisco)
- CORE FLAG
- The flag whose design forms the basis of other flags, or which inspired
the creation of other flags, with a typical two examples being the Arab revolt
flag of 1917 plus the French and Russian tricolours (see
‘flag family’, 'pan-African Colours',
'pan-Arab Colours' and 'pan-Slavic Colours').
Arab Revolt Flag 1917 plus the
French and Russian Tricolours (fotw)
- CORNET (or CORNETTE or CORNUTE)
- 1) In largely British maritime usage a term, now increasingly obsolete, for
a small triangular pennant (see also 'pennant 2)').
- 2) In British RN and some other usage a term, now almost wholly obsolete,
for a swallow-tailed flag, particularly (but not exclusively) a signal flag (see also
- 3) A 17th/18th Century generic term, now obsolete, referring to any small,
- 4) An alternative form of ‘guidon’, now obsolete, as being the distinguishing
flag of a cavalry regiment (see also ‘guidon 2)’).
“Preceding Under Steam and Sail” in The Commercial Code of Signals c1860 (CS);
Cornette/Pennant of a Senior Officer/Commodore, Austria then Austria-Hungary 1786 – 1894 (fame)
- 5) A term, now obsolete, for lowest commissioned rank in the cavalry regiments
of some countries (including those of the UK), being that rank responsible for
carrying the regiment’s cornet or guidon.
- See ‘garbe’.
Flag of Reduzum, The Netherlands (fotw)
- An ancient symbol of prosperity and now generally shown as a hollow, horn-shaped
basket usually (but not invariably) filled to overflowing with various kinds of festive
fruit and/ or vegetables etc – a horn of plenty.
Arms and Flag of Kharkiv, Ukraine (fotw); National Arms of
Honduras (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Ivankovo, Croatia (fotw)
- CORONATION FLAGS (or CORONATION BANNERS)
- A term for those flags or banners (differing from the usual royal standard) which are prepared
specifically for display at the installation (coronation, swearing-in or simple inauguration) of a
monarch and often (but not exclusively) consisting of the relevant royal or
national arms on a plain field – a “rijksvaandel”,
banner” or “banner of the realm” (see also ‘greater arms’
under ‘arms’, ‘installation flags’ and
‘royal standard(s) 1)’).
Coronation Flags (riksbanner), Norway 1906 and 1818 (official website);
Flag of Croatia for the Coronation of Ferdinand V in Bratislava 1830 (fotw)
- 1) Generically on flags, a crown without a curved bar across the top that
may be seen in a wide variety of shapes and circumstances - an open crown
(see also ‘antique crown’,
'mural crown' and
'naval crown' and
- 2) Specifically on flags, the term may be used when a hereditary ruler (or
former hereditary ruler) is of a
lesser rank than that of crowned monarch - a princely, arch-ducal or
grand-ducal coronet (bonnet
or hat), or similar (see also ‘electoral cap’).
- 3) In English heraldry a crown without cross bar across the top as 1) above,
but also a symbol of nobility whose exact design is dependent upon the rank of
the person concerned (see also ‘mantle’).
Flag of Cambridgeshire, UK (fotw);
Archducal Coronet, Austria (fotw); Coronets of an Earl and of a Viscount in English heraldry (Wikipedia)
Please note that the use of a cross-bar across the
top to indicate royal status and to differentiate between a crown and a coronet
is of comparatively recent date (in English usage from the reign of King Henry VII, 1485 – 1509)..
- CORPORATE FLAG (or PENNANT)
- The distinguishing flag or pennant of a shore-based commercial concern as opposed to
that of merchant marine company – a commercial flag/pennant (see also
‘house flag 1)’ and
Flag of Lufthansa, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Citroën, France (fotw); Flag of
Avis, US (fotw); Flag of
Banco Totta, Portugal (fotw);
Pennant of CLS, Czechoslovakia 1927 – 1935 (Miles Li)
- CORPORATE LOGO
- See ‘logo’.
Flag of Pan American Airways, US (fotw)
- CORPORATION (or CORPORATE) BANNER
- In largely UK usage, a type of processional banner whose symbolism relates to the
corporate body of a town council or corporation, or to the community represented –
see ‘banner 3)’.
- CORPS FLAG
- 1) See ‘camp flag’.
- 2) See ‘branch of service flag 2)’.
Corps/Camp Flag of the Royal Armoured Corps, UK (Graham Bartram); Flag of the
Corps of Engineers, US (fotw)
- See ‘privateer(s)’.
- CORSAIR ENSIGN
- See ‘privateer ensign’
and ‘jolly roger 1)’.
Corsair/Privateer Ensign, Spain 1820 (fotw)
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