Last modified: 2016-05-23 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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Safety Afloat Pennant, USN (seaflags)
Flag and Arms of Cycσw, Poland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Dobre, Poland (fotw)
Please note that in some Central and East European usage the term is used to describe a sword with a curved single-edged blade but with a plain cross guard as illustrated below but see scimitar.
Čavle (Municipality, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Croatia)
Red Cross Flag Red Crescent Flag Red Crystal Flag (fotw)
Please note that on 8 December 2005 the International Committee of the Red Cross adopted a Protocol (Protocol III) authorizing a red crystal (diamond shape) as an additional non-religious and politically neutral symbol, however, please also note that the flags of the Red Cross and of its associated organizations are at the same time international flags, safe conduct, flags of protection and Geneva Convention flags.
Safety Flag for General Use, Japan (fotw); Health Flag; Japan (fotw); Health and Safety Flag, Japan (fotw)
Flag of Belgrade, Serbia (fotw); Flag of Elmshorn, German (fotw); Flag of Paimpol, France France (fotw); Flag of Quebec City, Canada (fotw)
Please note with regard to 2) that to individually list the many types of sailing vessel is beyond the remit of this dictionary, however, please see caravel and its following note.
The Arms and Flag of Velas, Portugal showing a caravel (fotw)
Please note that this term is a translation of the German schiffermast, and that use of such masts seems to be restricted to associations of bargemen or similar.
National Flag of Scotland (fotw); Naval Ensign of Russia (fotw)
Please note that whilst the term St George's Cross generally refers only to a red cross on a white field, the Cross of St Andrew, due to a tradition that the saint was crucified on a diagonal cross, has come to be regarded by many as a saltire of any colour or metal on a field of any colour or metal. Although this is considered inaccurate in English heraldic or vexillological usage, it is common in countries and languages where a term equivalent to “saltire” does not exist.
Naval Ensign of Russia (fotw)
Flag of Sint Anthonis, The Netherlands (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Ryglice, Poland (fotw); Flag of St Catherines College Cambridge, UK (fotw); Flag of Ueken, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Vila Facaia, Portugal (fotw)
Flag of Blanes, Spain (fotw)
Flag of the Honourable East India Company c1710, England
From left: National Flag of England (fotw); Arms and Flag of Genoa, Italy (fotw)
a) Any cross of St George whose arms are of equal length is also a Greek cross (see also 'Greek cross').
b) In Balkan and Central European usage a white cross on red is also sometimes referred to as the Cross of St George.
Arms and flag of Donji Miholjac, Croatia (Željko Heimer)
From left: White Ensign, England 1702 – 1707; With Plain Fly c1630 - 1707; White Ensign, UK 1707 – 1801; With Plain Fly 1707 – c1730 (CS)
Please note that white ensigns bearing a Cross of St George overall were introduced in 1702 and were at first restricted to use outside home waters, however, the version with a plain fly had disappeared by 1744.
Cross of the Order of Santiago (fotw)
Flag of Ninotsminda, Georgia (fotw); Flag of Sighnaghi, Georgia (fotw); Flag of Kaspi, Georgia (fotw)
Please note that the flag of the Georgian Orthodox Church may (occasionally) be charged with a cross of this type, however, when it is hoisted from a conventional flagpole the downward sloping arms will point towards the fly.
Flag of the Georgian Orthodox Church bearing a St Ninns Cross (Tomislav Todorovic)
Please note that this saltire has no known links to the saint, but when adopted for the British Union Flag was a symbol of the knightly Order of St Patrick (see also ‘union jack’).
Flag of Villarepos, Switzerland (fotw)
From left: National Flag of Jamaica (fotw); Arms and Flag of Lαb, Slovakia (fotw); National Flag of Burundi (fotw); Flag of Prachatice city, Czech Republic (fotw); War Ensign of Sweden 1815 - 1844 (fotw)
Regimental Colour of the Louisiana Infantry 1780, Spanish America (fotw)
Flag of Wohlenschwil, Switzerland (fotw)
The Presidential Sash of Uruguay (fotw); The Presidential Sash of Honduras (Eugene Ipavec); Civic Sash of France; Political Sash of the Womens Suffragette Movement 1917, US
a) The civic sash of France is most often (although not invariably) seen with the blue stripe uppermost, it is usually fringed/decorated and sometimes worn around the waste rather than across the chest.
b) Sashes are also worn with some military and civilian awards.
HRH The Duke of Kent wearing the Sash of the Order of the Garter, UK (royal.gov)
Flag of Betten, Switzerland (fotw)
Flag of Magellan Region, Chile (fotw)
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