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Pidluzhne (Rivne, Ukraine)

Last modified: 2011-07-08 by andrew weeks
Keywords: rivne | pidluzhne | podluzhne | kostopil' | flower | coltsfoot |
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image from the site of Ukrainian Heraldry

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The Gonfalon

From the site of Ukrainian Heraldry:
"It was confirmed in July, 12th, 2006 by the decision #26 of village council session. The square panel, which consists of three vertical strips - white, green and white (parity of their width is equal to 1:3:1), in the middle of the green strip is yellow flower of mother-and-stepmother."
Dov Gutterman, 5 November 2007

The plant is Tussilago farfara L. (Family Asteraceae), the coltsfoot. This vernacular name refers to the shape of the leaves, also frequently refered to in other languages: Catalan (pota de cavall, horse's foot), Danish (folfod, foal's foot), Dutch (hoefblad, hoof leaf), French (pas d'ane, donkey's foot), Norwegian (hestehov, horse's hoof), Spanish (pie de caballo, horse's foot; una de caballo, horse's hoof), Swedish (hasthov, horse's hoof).
The writer Apuleius (AD 123/125- AD 180) already used the Latin name of the plant, tussilago, reflecting its therapeuthical use (from "tussis", "cough", and "ago", "I dispel"). The origin of farfara is obscure.
Coltsfoot, characteristic of unstable soils, form patches in environments with a high level of disturbance. The flowers appear on the stem long before the leaves, therefore the medieval Latin name of the plant "filius ante patrem", the son before the father.
On her  "Moscow Daily Photo" blogsite, "Irina" shows a photography of the plant and gives the explanation of its Russian vernacular name, "mother-and-stepmother": "In Russian this flower is called by what can be translated as "mother- and-stepmother". That is because of its leaves: soft and gentle on one side (like mother), they are rough and unpleasant on the other (like step-mother)."
Botanically, what is shown on the flag is not a flower but a calathid, a.k.a capitulum or flowerhead, indeed a cluster of numerous flowers. This compound structure was the origin of the former name of Family Asteraceae, Compositae (former but still valid acording to Article 18.5 of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature).
Ivan Sache, 4 July 2008

Coat of Arms

image from the site of Ukrainian Heraldry

From the site of Ukrainian Heraldry:
"It was confirmed in July, 12th, 2006 by the decision #26 of village council session. In the center of vert shield with argent wavy dexter and sinister flanks is or flower of mother-and-stepmother. The shield enframed by or cartouche and crowned by or village crown. The authors are Yu.Terlets'kyi, A.Grechylo, M.Omel'chuk, O.Kosobyts'kyi.
Flower and vert field specifie the village name and generous meadows, argent flanks mean Horyn' and Zamchys'ko rivers, because village lays between them.
Yu.Terlec'kyi, A.Grechylo. "The modern symbols of Kostopil's'kyi region"."
Dov Gutterman, 5 November 2007

The Village

From the site of Ukrainian Heraldry:
"The first houseshave appeared there near the Horyn' river banks on the wide meadow. Name occured by words "near meadow" - "pid lugom"."
Dov Gutterman, 5 November 2007