Last modified: 2011-05-14 by andrew weeks
Keywords: michalowice |
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Also to expand a bit on Jenś answer to Željko's question let me add:
Michalowice was located on the borders of the totalitarian Empires occupying Poland after the partitions.
The Riflemen's Association - "Rifleman" (Związek Strzelecki "Strzelec") was a Polish paramilitary cultural and educational organization created in 1910 in
Lwów ( Austrian zone of partitioned Poland) and the legal front for underground Union for Armed Struggle (Związek Walki Czynnej - ZWC).
The Association's mission was training young Poles in military skills. Before World War I, the Riflemen's Association provided military training to over 8,000 people, and its trainees subsequently formed an important part of the Polish Legion (Legiony) in World War I, fighting the Russians on Austro-Hungarian and German side.
Members of the Association from Michalowice where the first among others to overturn the border markers erected by the partitioning powers. It happened on
August 6, 1914, and to commemorate it, the eagle badge of the Association was allowed to be placed on Arms and flag of Michalowice.
One of the early organizers of the Riflemen's Association was Marshal Józef Piłsudski, who also organized and headed the Polish Legion on Central Powers side. He commanded the Legion in numerous battles with the Russians and in October 1918 was asked to take an oath of loyalty to the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary. He refused, was arrested and interned in Magdeburg, but only after giving an order to his troops to start fighting Germans.
On November 18, 1918 he returned in triumph to Warsaw and was called to the post of Head of State of the Nation regaining its independence after 120 years of
partition and foreign occupation. Among the commanders of Polish armies fighting to secure the borders of the reborn state and to stave off the Bolshevik onslaught on Europe, were early members of the Riflemen's Association and the Polish Legion: Kazimierz Sosnkowski, Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Władysław Sikorski, Marian Kukiel, Walery Sławek, Julian Stachiewicz, Aleksander Prystor and Włodzimierz Tetmajer.
The Riflemen's Association was revived in Poland in 1991, after the fall of communism.
(Above text based on Wikipedia's articles).
Chrystian Kretowicz, 13 Oct 2008
Here is the flag of Michałowice commune (voj. Małopolskie, Krakow County),
as can be seen on this
Jens Pattke, 13 Oct 2004
If the emblem in chief the Polish military insignia? if so, what make
the commune to wear it?
Željko Heimer, 13 Oct 2004
Eagle without crown of Shooting Association (on amazon shield) is symbol
of boundary defeat, invasive cordons on 6 Aug 1914. This honor was
awarded to Michałowice.
Jens Pattke, 14 Oct 2004