Last modified: 2011-07-09 by andrew weeks
Keywords: kafar kama | mo'atza mekomit kafar kama | adyge qase kafar kama | cherkess | text: hebrew (black) | text: cyrillic (black) | coat of arms (horse: black) | coat of arms (cossack) | coat of arms (sunburst: black) |
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all by Dov Gutterman | 2:3
Emblem adopted 17 November 1974
Local Council Kafar Kama is situated in the Lower Gallile, 12
km SW to Tiberias on Afula-Kinnereth road. Founded in 1876
and got 2,500 inh., all Muslim Cherkess. It was no wonder to find
the Cherkess flag side by side to the
national flag and the municipal flag on the city hall. In my
visit I spotted a multicolour variety of municipal flags - black
on blue, white on red, black on yellow and black on green -
showing the emblem with the inscription 'Local Council' in Hebrew
(in semicircle, above) and Cyrillic fonts (below).
Source: author's own observation, 2 October 2001.
Dov Gutterman, 24 October 2001
The municipal emblem was published in the official gazette (Rashumot),
'Publications Gazette' section (Yalkut HaPirsumim), YP
2063, 17 November 1974.
Dov Gutterman, 10 November 2001
The lower inscription in those flags reads:
which is not Russian - must be Circassian (a.k.a Adyghe,
Cherkess and Kabardian). Most likely it does not mean "Local
Council" - the first word, "АДЫГЭ", is the
Circassian autoetnonym and means neither "local" nor
Antonio Martins, 6 January 2004
The name "Cherkess" is used by outsiders while the
inhabitants call themselves "Adyghe". After failing in
rioting against the Tzar in 1858, many fled from their homeland,
and found home in the Ottoman Empire whose ruler Abdul-Hamid II
gave them lands in his empire.
In 1876 they settled in the site of an ancient village whose former residents left it for unknown circumferences and established the second Adyghe village in the area after Ri'haniya (now in Regional Council Merom HaGalil). They were not welcomed by the local Bedouins, a fact the resulted some clashes, giving them a reputation of brave fighters.
The good relations with their Jewish neighbours in oppose to the hostility of the Moslems ones, brought them to refuse to join the Arabs and they join the IDF during the independence war as they still do until today.
The population of 2,800, is combined from 5 clans (the bigger one is Shapsug, originated from the Kuban area).
Sources: <lib.cet.ac.il>, <lib.cet.ac.il/2286>, >www.tiuli.com>, <www.amalnet.k12.il>.
Dov Gutterman, 23 April 2005