Last modified: 2014-12-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: castrillo de villavega | palencia |
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Flag of Castrillo de Villavega - Image by Ivan Sache, 2 February 2011
The municipality of Castrillo de Villavega (202 inhabitants in 2009; 3,394 ha; unofficial website) is located 60 km from Palencia. The village is made of two parts, Castrillo, the biggest one, and Villavega, separated by river Valdavia, on which a wonderful stone bridge was built in the 19th century, eventually linking the two parts of the village.
Castrillo de Villavega appeared in the history as Castrillo de la
Villa Vega. The castle of Castrillo de la Vega, today ruined, was
probably built in the 10th century during the early resettlement of
the area, as an outpost watching the border with the Muslim states.
The castle is made of a rectangular tower (6.30 m x 6.70 m) protected
by a circular wall.
In 1204, King Alfonso VIII bequeathed in his testament the citadel of Castellum de Villalega to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. On 26 April 1279, King Alfonso IX the Wise granted the domain of Castrillo de Villavega to Johana Gómez, the wife of Infant Luis, himself the son of King Ferdinand the Saint; she was succeeded on 21 July 1305 by Mencía de Manzanedo and, later, by her son Juan Rodríguez de Cisneros.
Cisneros was a "rich man" (noble of high rank), who fought in 1367 in the Battle of Nájera, together with King Henry II; he died without a male heir in 1370. In 1418, Castrillo de Villavega was transferred to Leonor de la Vega, heiress of the Vega lineage after the death of her father Garcilaso de la Vega in the Battle of Nájera. Leonor was succeeded in 1456 by her daughter Mencía Sandoval de la Vega, who bequeathed on 21 August 1514 Castrillo de la Vega to the Duke of the Infantado. The village would be ruled "quietly and pacifically" by the Dukes until the suppression of the feudal system in 1837; Pedro Alcántara Toledo Salm Salm, 12th Duke of the Infantado, was the last lord of Castrillo de Villavega.
Ivan Sache, 2 February 2011
The flag and arms of Castrillo de Villavega are prescribed by a Decree
adopted on 20 December 2001 by the Municipal Council, signed on 8 April 2002 by the Mayor, and published on 7 May 2002 in the official
gazette of Castilla y León, No. 85, p. 5,952 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:
Flag: Rectangular, with proportions 2,3, made of three horizontal stripes with proportions 1:2, 1:4 and 1:4, the upper stripe red with a white Cross of St. John of Jerusalem placed at 1/3 from the hoist, the central stripe white and the lower stripe blue.
Coat of arms: Gules a castle argent masoned port and windows sable ensigned with a Cross of St. John of Jerusalem argent in base waves argent and azure. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown closed.
Ivan Sache, 2 February 2011