Last modified: 2016-03-20 by ivan sache
Keywords: spain | madrid | san agustín de guadalix | coat of arms |
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image by Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 2008
The municipality of San Agustín de Guadalix (8,832 inhabitants in 2006) is located 34 km north of Madrid.
Already settled by the Ibers, the village was conquered by Caius Flaminius' troops. During the Reconquest, most villagers were enrolled in 877 by Mohamed I, Emir of Córdoba, to fight the Christians. In 932, the Christian crossed Somosierra and Guadarrama and expelled the Moors. After this campaign, San Agustín remained a no man's land located between the two armies in conflict. In 1084, King Alfonso VI seized San Agustín on his way against Toledo and resettled the area with Castilians. In 1382, King Juan I transferred the village and domain of Agustín to Pedro González de Mendoza. The family kept them until 1461 when another Pedro González de Mendoza, Bishop of Calahorra and son of the famous poet Marques de Santillana, swapped it for other doamins with Diego Arias de Ávila, the "Finance Minister" (Contador mayor) of King Enrique IV. His descendants were the Counts of Puñonrostro, whose coat of arms is used today as the municipal arms of San Agustín. In the XVIth century, Queen Juana la Loca (Joan the Mad) granted to San Agustín the title of town "authorized to use gallows, spear, block, chain, whip and other signs and tools of jurisdiction and justice." The northern part of Valdelagua was incorporated into the town.
Source: Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 2008
On 13 September 2007, the Governing Council of the Community of Madrid has approved the flag and arms proposed by the Municipal Council of San Agustín de Guadalix, after a positive evaluation by the Royal Academy of History and experts in heraldry.
The flag of San Agustín de Guadalix shall be the following:
De proporciones 2:3, Formada por tres franjas horizontales de proporciones 1/4, 1/2 y 1/4 de color verde la superior,blanca la central y roja la inferioror
In proportion 2:3, Horizontally divided green, white and red (1:2:1).The coat of arms of San Agustín de Guadalix shall be the following:
"Terciado en mantel, primero de plata, una cruz floronada de gules; segundo de plata un águila de sable, y tercero, de gules un castillo de plata, aclarado de sable. Bordura general de azur, cargada con siete estrellas de oro de cinco puntas; se timbra con la Corona Real de Españaor
Tierced 1. argent a cross fleury gules, 2. argent an eagle sable, 3. gules a castle argent opened sable. A border azur seven five-pointed stars or. The shield crowned with the Spanish Royal Crown.
Source: Madridiario, 14 September 2007
The front page of the municipal website shows a picture of the town
hall, with four flags, from viewer's left to right: the municipal flag,
the national flag of Spain, the flag of the European Community and the
flag of the Community of Madrid. The flag can also be seen behind the Mayor sitting at his desk:
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 2008