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Arjonilla (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2014-03-23 by ivan sache
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Flag of Arjonilla - Image by Blas Delgado & Eduardo Panizo, 23 October 2005

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Presentation of Arjonilla

The municipality of Arjonilla (3,793 inhabitants in 2013; 4,240 ha; municipal website) is located in the west of the Jaén Province, 50 km north-west of Jaén.

Arjonilla belonged in the 10th century, together with Aryuna (Arjona), to one of the 17 districts forming the Cora de Yayyan (Jaén). In the early 14th century, the Order of Calatrava managed most of the western plain of the Upper Guadalquivir; the administrative center was Martos and among the fortresses was the castle of Arjonilla, of which the donjon and walls have been preserved until now. Still ran by the Order of Calatrava, Arjonilla seceded from Arjona in 1553. The town was completely revamped in the second half of the 17th century.

Ivan Sache, 30 November 2009

Symbols of Arjonilla

The flag and arms of Arjonilla, adopted on 11 May 1999 by the Municipal Council and validated on 18 January 2001 by the Royal Academy of Córdoba, are prescribed by Decree No. 157, adopted on 26 June 2001 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 19 July 2001 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 82, p. 12,314 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The "rehabilitated" symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, three units in length on two units in height, quartered into four chromatic triangular areas by the two diagonals, the upper and lower areas, white, the two lateral areas, black. In the middle of the flag is placed the town's coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Vert a fortified castle port sable [vert on the images] and masoned of the same in base a chain or per fess. Shield in Spanish shape, surmounted by a Royal Spanish crown closed.

The castle recalls the fortress erected in the 14th century by the Order of Calatrava. The chain might refer to the famous Macías, jailed in the castle following a romance with a married lady, or to a symbol of defense.
[Símbolos de las Entidades Locales de Andalucía. Jaén (PDF file)]

Ivan Sache, 30 November 2009