Last modified: 2015-08-21 by ivan sache
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Flag of Adra - Image from the Símbolos de Almería website, 9 May 2014
The municipality of Adra (24,761 inhabitants in 2013; 9,005 ha; municipal website) is the westernmost municipality in the Province of Almería , on the border of the Granada Province.
Adra was established in the 8th century BC by the Phoenicians, as Abdera. The town was susbequently a rich Roman town that minted its own coins. Abdera gave the modern name of the town through Abdra.
Klaus-Michael Schneider & Ivan Sache, 19 October 2012
The flag of Adra, adopted on 31 July 2002 by the Municipal Council and validated on 6 February 2003 by the Royal Academy of Cordóba, is prescribed by Decree No. 68, adopted on 11 March 2003 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 26 March 2003 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 58, pp. 6,379-6,380 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The flag is described as follows:
Flag: Rectangular flag, of length (from hoist to fly) one and a half the height, plain garnet red. Charged in the middle with the town's coat of arms, its geometrical axis fitting the center of the flag.
Garnet red evokes the complexion of the Phoenicians, who were called phoinos (red skin) by the Greeks. The red colour also recalls that Adra belonged to the Nasrid kingdom of Granada, and, then, to the Kingdom of Castile, two states that used standards of that colour. The red colour is also used by the Greek town of Audira, linked with Adra by a strong partnership.
The coat of arms of Adra, adopted on 11 May 1987 by the Municipal Council and validated by the Royal Academy of History, is prescribed by Decree No. 191, adopted on 26 August 1987 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 15 September 1987 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 78, pp. 4,523-4,524 (text). This was confirmed by a Decree adopted on 30 November 2004 by the Government of Andalusia and published on 20 December 2004 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 246, pp. 28,986-29,002 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:
Coat of arms: Azure a Greco-Roman four-columned temple or ensigned with a sun gules fimbriated or charged with two tunas azure per pale inverted and the word "ABDERA" in letters sable. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.
Coins minted in Abdera in the Roman time feature a four-columned temple dedicated to god Melkart (equivalent to Mercury) with an eight-rayed sun on the fronton and two tunas used as telamons (atlants). The tunas recall that almadraba fishing was the main source of income in the the town. During Tiberius' reign, the letters A-B-D-E-R-A were added between the capitals.
[Símbolos de las Entidades Locales de Andalucía. Almería (PDF file)]
Ivan Sache & Klaus-Michael Schneider, 19 October 2012