Last modified: 2015-01-04 by ian macdonald
Keywords: parana | campo mourã |
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The flag of Municipality of Campo Mourão in State of Parana in Brazil
is shown at
http://www.campomourao.com.br/cidade/bandeira.php. It is white with a
green-edged white lozenge containing the municipal coat of arms.
Valentin Poposki, 7 February 2006
The municipality of Campo Mourão (87,287 inhabitants in 2010; 757 sq. km)
is located in central western Paraná, 475 km of Curitiba.
Ivan Sache, 11 February 2012
modified from an image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 8 February 2006
Every other source, including Wikipedia (
band in the coat of arms) in green instead of yellow. Perhaps this is a historical version (given that the link you sent is from the web archive).
Dirk Schönberger, 18 February 2012
The archived sightings (yellow lozenge) are dated 2004-2005. Valentin's
report dated February 2006 includes the written description with the yellow
lozenge. António's image, sent the next day, has the green lozenge, António
stating that he just standardized the image. This seems to indicate that the
municipal website shown in February 2006 the green lozenge while keeping the
description with the yellow lozenge. I can hardly imagine António changing a
colour from the source' s image from yellow to green just for the sake of
standardization! The Wikipedia contribution (with an odd grey lozenge!) is
dated February 2007 and sources to the municipal website (therefore the two
sources are not independent).
The change in the color of the lozenge (yellow > green) must therefore have happened around 2006 or slightly earlier. A photo of the Mayor of Campo Mourão independently confirms that the flag actually in use features a green lozenge.
Ivan Sache, 18 February 2012
As the image both I and Vanja saw had a yellow lozenge
it seems that I made a mistake in coloring the flag, and that mistake, once
published in FotW-ws, may have influenced the local government or their flag
suppliers, to change the flag unknowingly. I’m very sorry.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 18 February 2012
The symbols were indeed changed. The relevant information is available on the
website of the Paraná Secretary of Education, quoting a book written by a local
historian: Santos Jr, Jair Elias. 2005 [jsj05]. A evolução e a história dos Símbolos
Municipais de Campo Mourão. Gráfica Kromoset, Campo Mourão, 126 p. The
page quotes Municipal Law 1,930, adopted in 2005, which must be the
Law prescribing the corrected symbols.
The scholars Jair Elias dos Santos Jr and Pedro da Veiga explained that corrections were required due to minor heraldic errors. The correction process was based on the international heraldic norms, without changing the originality of the symbols adopted in 1956 (coat of arms) and 1964 (flag). The mural crown surmounting the flag was changed from yellow to white, a yellow mural crown being allowed only for State capitals. The lozenge was changed from yellow to green, according to the heraldic rule prohibiting metal on metal. The branches surrounding the shield were modified. The axis of the branches is distant of 1 unit from the shield's border. Their upper point reaches the imaginary horizontal line extending the upper border of the shield. The branches are crossed in the imaginary vertical line extending the median of the shield, the coffee branch over the araucaria branch, and are 1 unit in width. The ribbon linking the branches was changed from yellow to green.
The drawing of the coat of arms shown below the text has scrolls concealing the crossing of the branches. The scrolls are omitted when the coat of arms is put on the flag.
The source book is briefly presented on the author's personal page. The image on the book's cover seems to be the source for the flag with the gray lozenge shown on Wikipedia.
Ivan Sache, 19 February 2012