Last modified: 2014-05-28 by ivan sache
Keywords: artsakh | nagorno-karabakh |
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Flag of Artsakh / Nagorno-Karabakh - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 September 2005
Artsakh is better known internationally as Nagorno-Karabakh, a former Azerbaijan enclave in Armenia. It is still de jure part of Azerbaijan but de facto under Armenian control.
On 20 February 1988 the Council of People's Deputies of the Autonomous Region
of Nagorno-Karabakh of Azerbaijan SSR addressed to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and to the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR and to the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR a request for the transfer of the Nagorno-Karabakh's autonomous region from the Azerbaijan SSR to the Armenian SSR.
On 12 January 1989 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted the Decree "About introduction of special forms of management in the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous region of Azerbaijan SSR", with effect on 20 January 1989. Powers of the Council of People's Deputies of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region and his executive committee were suspended; the Committee of Special Management of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region, subordinated directly to the supreme bodies of the Government of USSR and possessing all powers of the former Council of People's Deputies of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region and his executive committee, was created. This decree, for the first time in the history of the USSR, established a direct control from Moscow.
On 10 December 1990 the referendum about independence of Nagorno-Karabakh was followed by the self-proclamation of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (within the structure of USSR) on 2 September 1991.
After the collapse of the USSR, full independence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic was proclaimed on 6 January 1992 has been proclaimed.
Now the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is not an enclave, since in the mid-1990s
the Armenian troops occupied the territory between the former autonomous
region and the former Armenian SSR (the so-called corridor of Latchin) and a lot of
other adjoining Azerbaijan territory.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 13 April 2005
Armenia did not officially recognize Artsakh, though it recognized its self-determination right and its Army occupies it, as well as a good part of what is generally considered Azeri territory.
Luc Baronian, 25 May 1998
The Armenian claim to Karabagh dates back to the 19th century. Armenians who fled Turkey were settled in Karabagh, apparently unnoticed by the Armenians in the environment of Yerevan. Armenia for them was Eastern Turkey, dominated by the mighty Süphan Dagh, which you see everywhere in Eastern Turkey around Lake Van. After the genocide of 1915 there wasn't anymore a Turkish Armenia. Only then Armenia sought a Greater Armenia within Russia. It had a war with Georgia about 'Georgian Armenia', which wasn't successful. Before attention was directed towards Karabagh it was incorporated into Azerbaijan. According to The Karabakh File by the Zoryan Institute, the English together with the Azeris repulsed Armenian attacks.
Jarig Bakker, 17 July 1999
Artsakh's flag is derived from that of Armenia, which is a red-blue-orange horizontal tricolour. The westwards pointing arrow signifies very graphically Artsakh's current separation from Armenia proper, and its hopes for union with the motherland. The design also recalls that of the world famous (and very expensive) Armenia rugs.
Stuart Notholt, 1995
This flag appears in the Flags of Aspirant Peoples chart [eba94], #113, with the following caption:
Ivan Sache, 15 September 1999
Erroneous representation of the flag of Artsakh / Nagorno-Karabagh - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 September 2003
On an administrative map of Armenia published in 2003 in Armenia, and shown by the French magazine Geo (August 2003), Artsakh is called "Republic of Mountainous Karabagh". The flag shown on top of the map is similar in design to the flag we show above, but is mirrored. This is an error.
Ivan Sache, 8 September 2003
Coat of arms of Artsakh / Nagorno-Karabakh - Image by Gevork Nazaryan, 8 September 2005
In the political magazine Globus, there is an image of the Republic's coat of arms. The arms consist of an eagle displayed, crowned with ornamented crown bearing shield. In the chief of the shield is panorama of a mountain range and under it vertically set the flag of Artsakh, over all there are two stone heads. The eagle stands on a bunch of different agricultural products (among which corn and grape). All is surrounded with a golden circular ribbon bearing inscription in Armenian script. From around the crown and eagle's head towards the ribbon there are sun rays emerging.
Željko Heimer, 24 May 1998
The eagle is an old Armenian symbol, present on the 1918 and 1991 coats of arms of Armenia. The crown might by an allusion to the six autonomous principalities that existed there during Iranian ruling. The stone monument is a male head and female head and represents the women and men of Artsakh. Its name is "We are our mountains" (another source I have says "We and our mountains") and it is located in Stepanakert, the capital. The grapevines I believe represent the many vines of the plateau, something illustrated by the Azeri name Gharabagh, which means "Black Vineyard" or close to "black garden" in Turkish Karabakh. (Nagorno or Nagorny is of Russian origin and Artsakh is Armenian (the oldest attested), but I don't know their etymology).The inscription in Eastern Armenian reads Lernayin Gharabaghi Artsakh Hanrapetoutioun, which means "Artsakh Republic of Mountainous Karabakh".
Luc Baronian, 25 May 1998
Nagorny (I believe this is masculine form, Nagorno would be neuter, depending how Russian speaker interprets the grammatical gender of Karabakh) means upper, or mountainous. The same Slavic root appears in the name Crna Gora for Montenegro - Black Mountain.
Željko Heimer, 25 May 1998
Regimental colour of the Nagorno-Karabakh Army, reverse and obverse - Images by Jens Pattke, 17 June 2012The regimental standard of the Nagorno-Karabakh Army (photo, reverse; photo, obverse) is Burgundy red, in size 1150 x 1450 mm, with a golden fringe.
Jens Pattke, 10 March 2013
Flag of the Council of People's Deputies of the Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh - Image by Jaume Ollé, 8 September 2005
This flag could have existed, informally, until 1989 only and, probably, since February 1988. During the existence of the Committee of Special Management of Nagorny Karabakh (1989-1991), only the national coat of arms and flag of USSR were used in Nagorny Karabakh.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 13 April 2005